Ancient Greece

Architecture and Architectural Sculpture

Doric and Ionic orders.
Doric formulated on the mainland; the Ionic was the order of choice in the Aegean Islans and coast of Asia Minor.
shaft is the vertical channels.

Basilica, Paestum
The columns of the Temple of Hera are swelling at the middle of the shafts.

Temple of Artemis, Corfu
The hideous Medusa and two panthers at the center of this early pediment served as temple gaurdians.
It’s a hard task for Greek sculptor.

Siphnian treasury, Delphi
All four sides of the building have sculptured frieze.
Carpatids erected in the porch.

Vase Painting

It’s a early Athenian black-figure painting with the more than 200 figures in five registers.

Exekias is a ackonwledged master of the black-figure.
The eyes of figure were depicted in a old manner.

Bilingual Painting
Andokides Painter use new technique (red-figure) to paint on both sides. Once in black-figure and once in the new technique.
Painters don’t need using the glaze to create silhouettes of red-figure.

Euphronios is a younger and a more adventurer painter. He rejected the conventional composite posture for the human figure.

He cast aside the conventional frontal and profile composite views.
He foreshortened the patterned.

Aegina and Transition to the Classical Period

Temple of Aphaia, Aegina
The Aegina temple’s cella has two colonnades,each of two stories.
The dying warrior in the west pediment still has a rigidly torso and an Archaic smile.

Early and high Classical periods

Architecture and Architectural Sculpture

Temple of Zeus, Olympia
It’s the first great monument of Classical art. The Seer from east pediment has a shocked expression because he foresee the tragic outcome of the chariot race.


Kritios Boy
It’s one of the most important statues in the history of art.
It’s the first statue to show how a person naturally stands.

Riace Warrior
It’s a hollow-casting life-size bronze statue with a natural motion. We cannot see nay Archaic frontality and rigidity in this statue.

Charioteer of Delphi
It exceeds the Riace warrior.
…the turn of the head and feet in opposite directions as well as a slight twist at the waist are in keeping with the Severe Style.

Artemision Zeus
It shows the lightness and stability of hollow-cast bronze statues.

Myron, Diskobolos
Also known as the Discus Thrower . It’s a vigorous action staue but it’s face remains expressionless.

Polykleitos, Doryphoros
The contrapposto of Doryphoros is more pronounced. Polykleitos’ aim was to impose order on human movement.

The Athenian Acropolis

Portrait of pericles
Kresilas had the ability to make noble men appear even more noble in their portraits.

Periclean Acropolis
Architects and sculptors of the Classical period focused their attention on the construction and decoration of these four buildings.

Parthenon: Architecture
The architecture’s shape is irregular such as the perisytle columnsin the corner.

Athena Parthenos
Athena was fully armed with shield, spear, and helmet, and she held Nike in her extended right hand.

Parthenon: Metopes
These metopes are alleegories for the Greek-Persian conflict of the early fifth century BCE.

Parthenon: Pediments
The Phidian workshop mastered the rendition of clothed forms as well.

Parthenon: Ionic Frieze
the Athenian Th e frieze vividly communicates the procession’s acceleration and deceleration.

It housed a picture gallery. Maybe it’s the first recorded structure built for the specific purpose of displaying paintings.

Hegeso stele
It’s a stele, a young woman in her home, attended by her maid.


Achilles Painter
Placing frontal eyes on profile faces had abandoned.

Polygnotos placed figures on different levels.

Niobid Painter
The Niobid Painter also drew the son’t face in a three-quarter view.

Tomb of the diver, paestum
Tomb of the diver shows a young man diving into water. It symbolizes the plunge from this life into the next.

Late Classical Period


His works entered the world of human experience.

In the late Classical period, distinctive individual styles emerged.
Skopa’s hallmark was intense emotionalism. His works, Grave stele of a young hunter, depicts overt mourning.

Lysippos exhibits the new proportions.
The observer must move to the side and view Lysippos’s work at a three-quarter angle or in full profile.

Alexander the Great and Macedonian Court Art

Alexander’s portraits
It provides insight into Alexander’s personality as well as Lysippos’s art.

Pella Mosaics
The stag hunt by Gnosis bears the earliest known signature of a mosaicst.
Gnosis used shading to model volume.

Hades and persephone
The Painter used short dark brushstrokes to suggest shading on the underside of Hades’ right arm…

Battle of Issus
It depicts the battle between Alexander and Darius.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *